The effect of exercise on the child’s body
The effect of exercise
on the child’s body
Physical education of the child of preschool age
an integral part of the educational process, which should take into account the peculiarities of the child’s body.
Have long passed the period of development of science, when the child was considered as a very small version of an adult. Anatomo-physiological
features of an organism of the child, the dynamics of their development in different periods of childhood, of course, must be taken into account when considering the impact of physical education.
The first feature is the rapid growth and development of the child’s body.
The second feature is a decisive influence of the external environment on the growth and development of the child’s body.
The third feature is an insufficient number of movements, lack of physical activity (physicalexercise, gymnastics, massage, etc.) lead to delayed development of the organism.
Physical education as a purposeful and organized influence on the human body shall provide for full satisfaction of physiological needs of the body of the child in his movements, ensuring a sufficiently high rate of growth and development.
The positive effect of exercise on the Central nervous system results in an increase in attention,ability to concentrate. Increased activity, emotional tone, the quality of motor skills, improves coordination, static. As involvement in the management of all movements of large parts of the brain more and more development gets and psyche of a child.
Close correlation of mental and motor development of the child expressed extremely clearly at an early age.
The effect of exercise on the muscular system of the child is expressed in improving the muscle development, increase lean muscle mass.
On respiratory function impact exercise, and other means of physical training appears to increase its reserve capacity, more like the work produced gas exchange, to improve the functioning of separate parts of a functional respiratory system. With systematic practice in children increases lung capacity, maximum ventilation, increases the breathing reserve, improves gas exchange, increases the ratio of oxygen consumption.
Significant changes under the influence of physical exercises occur in the cardiovascular system: improves blood circulation, provides fast and sufficient blood flow to working muscles, increased adaptation to muscular work. Under the influence of regular exercise, massage improves metabolism. Due to this organism has not only large reserves of energy sources, but also gains a more rapid and vigorous mobilization and rapid recovery during the rest period. Increases the level of protection, the adaptive capacity of the organism and reduce morbidity.
Thus, one of the most important tasks of physical education — creation of optimal conditions for normal, fairly high rate of development of a child .